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Истрийская гончая

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http://www.infodog.ru/images/all/193.jpg
информация и фото с сайта http://www.infodog.ru
Эта весьма древняя порода всегда высоко ценилась в Истрии. Таинственное происхождение породы, вполне вероятно, схоже с историей происхождения итальянской гончей. Существуют 2 типа истрийской гончей: жесткошерстный и более популярный короткошерстный.

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Страна происхождения Югославия
Исходные названия Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic. Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonic.
Другое название Istrianer Bracke (kurzhaarige, drahthaarige)

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Характеристика породы
Истрийская гончая спокойна, обладает звучным низким голосом, используется для охоты на зайцев и лисиц, очень хорошо работает по кровяному следу подранка.

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Содержание и уход
Требуются пространство для движения и высокий уровень физической нагрузки. Необходима регулярная чистка шерсти щеткой.

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Использование
Охотничья собака.

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Внешний вид
Голова
Длинная, не очень легкая. Череп слегка выпуклый. Лоб довольно широкий. Переход ото лба к морде выражен не сильно. Морда удлиненная, в сечении прямоугольная. Губы плотно прилегающие.

Глаза
Большие. Темные. У жесткошерстной гончей брови очень кустистые и густые.

Уши
Недлинные, свисают вдоль скул.

Корпус
Крепкий, чуть удлиненного формата. Шея без подвеса. Грудь широкая. Ребра округленные. Спина прямая, широкая. Круп широкий, слегка скошенный. Живот слегка подтянут.

Конечности
Мускулистые, с крепким костяком. Лапы круглые. Пальцы собраны в плотный комок. Подушечки твердые.

Хвост
Толстый у основания, утончается к концу. Собака держит его низко, слегка изогнув концом кверху.

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Волосяной покров
Жесткошерстный тип: шерсть длиной от 5 до 10 см, стоит вертикально. Подшерсток короткий, плотный.
Короткошерстный тип: шерсть тонкая, плотная и блестящая.

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Окрас
Белый. Уши обычно светло-рыжего цвета или с такими же крапинами. На лбу — рыжие пятна неправильной формы. Пятна и крапины могут быть также и на корпусе.

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Высота в холке
44 —58см.

Вес
18-20 кг.

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Стандарт утвержден в 1973г.

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FCI-Standard N° 151 /  10/04/2002  / GB
ISTRIAN SHORT-HAIRED SCENT HOUND(Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonič)

TRANSLATION : Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown.

ORIGIN : Croatia.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.10.2000.

UTILIZATION : A scent hound par excellence, particularly fitted for hare and fox hunting.  It can also be used as a leash hound.  Its constitution is ideally suited to the vast open terrain in Istria.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 6 Scent hounds and related    breeds.   Section 1.2 Medium sized scent     hounds.
With working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The origin of this breed of hound, native to Istria, is ancient beyond memory, Frescoes (1474, chapel dedicated to St.Mary at Beram, near Pazin), paintings (e.g. Titian, early 18th century) and chronicles (1719, Bishop Bakič of Djakovo) bear witness to the smooth-haired Istrian Hound’s antiquity.  Owing to its excellent hunting qualities, it was exported from Istria to neighbouring regions.  The first entries in the stud-book date from 1924.  FCI accepted the breed in 1949, but it was not until 1973 that the first standard for the breed was published.  Today, the short-haired Istrian Hound is frequently encountered in Istria and neighbouring regions, where hunters still appreciate it highly on account of its outstanding qualities.

GENERAL APPEARANCE : Noble appearance with its snow-white coat broken by lemon markings.  Short fine coat.  Long narrow clean head.  Supple body. Thin tail carried slightly curved like a sabre.  Scent hound with a persistent baying, sharp, sonorous tongue.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : Body length should be more than 10% greater than height at withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Gentle, docile, calm and very attached to its owner.  Lively and enthusiastic when hunting.

HEAD : Length of head varies from 20 to 24 cm.

CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Seen in profile, the occipital protuberance is pronounced and the frontal bone is slightly rounded.  Seen from above, the frontal bone is elongated and rather narrow with an obvious frontal furrow.
Stop : Slight, with no abrupt break.

FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Black or at least dark brown.  Wide-open nostrils.
Muzzle : Long, broad at its base, tapering progressively towards the nose.  Nasal bridge is straight.
Teeth : Strong, regular and complete scissor bite.
Eyes : Oval, neither sunken into sockets nor prominent.  Iris colour as dark as possible.  Lids black or brown.  Bright eyes, full of expression.
Ears : Thin, broad set-on, a little above the level of the eyes, narrowing towards the tips.  They are considered long if, when drawn forward along the muzzle, they reach the canine teeth.  They should be at least semi-long, reaching to the superciliary arches.

NECK : Strong, slightly arched at the nape.  The junction with the head is noticeable at the rear of the occipital protuberance.  The neck is powerful and set obliquely into the body.
Length : From the occipital protuberance to the withers, the neck measures between 15 and 20 cm.

SKIN : Taut, without dewlap or wrinkles.

BODY : The topline slopes gently from the withers to the croup.
Back : Level, broad and muscled.
Loin : Short and broad.
Croup : Long and broad, horizontal or very slightly sloping, longer in females than in males.  The hips are hardly perceptible.  At the top of the croup the height should be about one finger’s breadth less than at the point of the withers.
Chest : Well let-down, it reaches at least to the elbows.  Usually its circumference is about 12 cm more than the height at the withers.  The ribs are well sprung.  The chest is well-developed but the point of the sternum is hardly visible.
Belly and flank : The underline rises gently from the sternum to the groin and so the belly has a slight upsweep.

TAIL : Strong at the root, tapering towards the tip.  The more slender the tail, the more noble the dog appears.  Set on high, of medium length and rarely reaching below the hock joint.  The tail is slightly curved upwards.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS :
Shoulder blade : Long, sloping, muscled and well-attached to the chest.
Elbow: Close to the body.
Forearm : Perfectly upright, well-muscled.
Carpus (Carpal joint) : Difficult to distinguish from the forearm.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Straight, short.  It can be slightly sloping but the angle with the vertical is never more than 10%.
Front feet : More like cat feet than hare feet, light with tight toes, pads rounded and firm, solid nails.

HINDQUARTERS : Seen from behind, the thigh, the leg, the hock tendon and the metatarsus are all on the same vertical axis.
Thigh : Short, broad and muscled.
Stifle : Patella broad and high set.
Lower thigh : Long, sloping and well-muscled.
Hock : Strong.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern) : Short, upright or very slightly sloping, forming an angle of 10-12 degrees with the vertical.
Hind feet : Similar to front feet but slightly longer.

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : Very smooth, even and free.

SKIN : Supple, close-fitting over all the body, with no folds and no wrinkles on forehead.  Pinkish in colour.

COAT

HAIR : Short, fine, dense and glossy.  Sometimes longer on the back of the thighs and on the underside of the tail but this is not sought after.

COLOUR : Ground colour snow white.  Ears are usually orange, colour which goes beyond the base of the ears and reaches over both sides of the frontal bone as far as the eyes, giving the head its typical mask.  A star is mentioned if there is a small or large mark of the same orange colour on the top of the forehead.  The ears can also be speckled with orange marks, something which is particularly prized and is seen as an indication of pure breeding.  Spots of lemon/orange more or less widespread, in fleckings or in ribbons can be found anywhere on the body but most often in the area at the root of the tail.  These spots must never be so numerous as to impinge on the white ground coat.  The actual tint of the spots must be pronounced, neither pale nor dark nor even brown, any of which would indicate cross-breeding.  The presence of a third colour is unacceptable even if there are only a few hairs of this colour.  The coat can also be totally white with no spots at all.

SIZE AND WEIGHT  :
Height at withers : 44-56 cm.
Ideal height  for males  :  50 cm.
for females :  48 cm.
Weight : c. 18 kg for an adult male.

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

MINOR FAULTS :
• Partly pink nose or eyelid, nose with too pale a pigmentation.
• Back arched or slightly swayed.
• Croup too sloping.
• Belly too whippety or too full.

ELIMINATING FAULTS :
• Disproportion between body length and height at withers.
• Head too short.
• Extensive unpigmented areas or total pink on nose and eyelids.
• Muzzle too short, too pointed or with twisted jaws.
• Undershot or overshot mouth.
• Incorrect bite.
• China eye.
• Very high ear set.
• Tail curled, carried to one side or corkscrew tail; tail too short or docked.
• Out at below.
• Crooked forelegs.
• Metacarpus very oblique.
• Coat too long.
• Any colours present except lemon-orange.  Greyish or blackish markings highly undesirable.
• Size above or below the limits indicated in the standard.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

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